What actually is Arabica and Robusta coffee?

The coffee connoisseurs and other such bearded artisans do not like their coffee beans being even minutely disarranged. That means, perfection from addition to coffee beans, to knowing what kind of beans they are to using the perfect brewing method for a perfect coffee.

Now you may have seen coffee bags bragging 100% Arabica coffee beans and so on. Is it gibberish, or a fact? Why don’t you analyse for yourself? Here are some easy ways to differentiate between Arabica and Robusta Coffee so that you are not fooled by any baristas or sellers.

1. Taste

Let’s begin with the first factor-taste. Robusta has a texture that gives the taste of burnt rubber. Now the main reason for Robusta’s taste not being as good as Arabica is the former’s higher caffeine content. Caffeine holds a bitter taste which makes the taste a bit unpleasant. (Robusta contains double the caffeine content to that of Arabica.)

2. Sugar Content

Those who like their coffee less stringent and sweet, they’d love Arabica coffee as it holds 60% more sugar and lipid content than Robusta. It is this reason why many people prefer Arabica coffee for its mild-melodious-yet-subtle-bitterly taste.

3. Texture & Height

Robusta beans are circular shaped. On the other hand, Arabica coffee beans are oval. Robusta is a taller plant that grows up to 4.5-6m high while Arabica grows up to 2.5-4.5 m.

Concluding facts

Did you know that CGA is a significant aspect of any coffee? What is CGA? It means Chlorogenic acid content. It is an active antioxidant that also acts as an insect deterrent. Arabica has around 6-8% of CGA in it while Robusta holds 6.5-10%. In the end, emphasis on the fact that Arabica makes 75% of world’s coffee production while Robusta makes around 25%. Vietnam makes significant quantities of Robusta while Brazil is a major Arabica producer. If you want to find out the best ways to make a great cup of coffee, check out our other blog post “How to make a world class cup of coffee at home”.